Challenges and Benefits of Including the Institutionalized, Cognitively Impaired and Unable to Respond in a Representative Survey of the Very Old
Keywords:quality of life, proxy report, total survey error, nonresponse bias, measurement invariance
AbstractInstitutionalization, cognitive impairment and inability to conduct an interview due to health impairment are among the top exclusion criteria for most large-scale social and aging surveys. Reservation against targeting vulnerable groups results from economic or legal restrictions of recruitment and concerns about research ethics or the validity of data obtained. However, failure to include those individuals may lead to substantial bias. Metadata showed that privileged data access and checks against nursing home repositories prevented under-coverage of the institutionalized. Measures to include hard-to-survey groups led to a marked increase in response rate. Individuals with health impairment contributed substantially to representativity of the sample. Nonresponse bias was cut to half compared to a less inclusive study protocol. Judged from a total-survey-error perspective, reductions in nonresponse-bias, low item-nonresponse and evidence of measurement invariance across self- and proxy-report for key characteristics suggest significant benefits of including hard-to-survey groups in estimating characteristics of this population.
How to Cite
Kaspar, R., Brijoux, T., Albrecht, A., Zimmermann, J., Wenner, J., Fey, J., Reissmann, M., Wagner, M., & Zank, S. (2023). Challenges and Benefits of Including the Institutionalized, Cognitively Impaired and Unable to Respond in a Representative Survey of the Very Old. Survey Research Methods, 17(2), 111–129. https://doi.org/10.18148/srm/2023.v17i2.8008
Copyright (c) 2023 Roman Kaspar, Thomas Brijoux, Andrea Albrecht, Jaroslava Zimmermann, Judith Wenner, Jonas Fey, Marcella Reissmann, Michael Wagner, Susanne Zank
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.