German erst — a temporal addition to the ‘exclusive muddle’


  • Mira Grubic


In ‘Principles of the Exclusive Muddle’, Coppock  and Beaver (2014) suggest a scalar common core meaning for a plethora of exclusive particles in English, suggesting that the particles differ in (i) their semantic type, (ii) the kind of scale the focus alternatives are ranked on, and (iii) the constraints placed on the QUD. This paper contributes to this discussion by proposing an analysis of the temporal exclusive erst (‘not until’) in German, based on the same core meaning.


How to Cite

Grubic, M. (2019). German erst — a temporal addition to the ‘exclusive muddle’. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 20, 323–340. Retrieved from