Focus-sensitive operators in Nłeʔkepmxcin (Thompson River Salish)

  • Karsten Koch
  • Malte Zimmermann


Based on new fieldwork data, this paper gives the first overview and analysis of focus sensitive operators in Nłeʔkepmxcin. Free foci in discourse exchanges are obligatorily marked using a predicative strategy, resulting in a clefting strategy for DPs. Exclusive and additive readings are expressed using the same predicative strategy, and we show that exclusive ƛ̓uʔ ‘only’ and additive ʔełƛ̓uʔ ‘also, even’ are adverbial: as 2nd position clitics, they occupy a high functional projection in the left periphery. There is no specific marker of scalarity like English even. Finally, although exclusive ƛ̓uʔ is strictly f-sensitive in the sense of Beaver and Clark (2008), additive ʔełƛ̓uʔ has the more flexible syntax and association behaviour of Q-adverbials like always.
How to Cite
Koch, K., & Zimmermann, M. (1). Focus-sensitive operators in Nłeʔkepmxcin (Thompson River Salish). Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 14, 237-255. Retrieved from