Focus-sensitive operators in N?e?kepmxcin (Thompson River Salish)


  • Karsten Koch
  • Malte Zimmermann


Based on new fieldwork data, this paper gives the first overview and analysis of focus sensitive operators in N?e?kepmxcin. Free foci in discourse exchanges are obligatorily marked using a predicative strategy, resulting in a clefting strategy for DPs. Exclusive and additive readings are expressed using the same predicative strategy, and we show that exclusive ??u? ‘only’ and additive ?e???u? ‘also, even’ are adverbial: as 2nd position clitics, they occupy a high functional projection in the left periphery. There is no specific marker of scalarity like English even. Finally, although exclusive ??u? is strictly f-sensitive in the sense of Beaver and Clark (2008), additive ?e???u? has the more flexible syntax and association behaviour of Q-adverbials like always.


How to Cite

Koch, K., & Zimmermann, M. (2019). Focus-sensitive operators in N?e?kepmxcin (Thompson River Salish). Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 14, 237–255. Retrieved from

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