Ever free relatives crosslinguistically


  • Radek Šimík


Based on a sample of seven languages, I show that the so-called modal inferences in ever free relatives (ignorance and indifference) are not universally available. The primary reading of ever free relatives crosslinguistically turns out to be a “non-modal” one, which is available to all languages under investigation. The implication is that if there is a modal inference triggered by the use of the ever-morpheme in FRs, the inference is likely to have a source external to the ever free relative (Lauer, 2009; Condoravdi, 2015; Hirsch, 2016). In line with this conclusion, I propose to generalize Hirsch’s (2016) analysis of ignorance ever free relatives, suggesting that all ever free relatives, no matter how they are ultimately interpreted, are instances of (un)conditionals + donkey-anaphoric definite descriptions.




How to Cite

Šimík, R. (2019). Ever free relatives crosslinguistically. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 22(2), 375–392. Retrieved from https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/article/view/112