Response Order, Party Choice, and Evaluations of the National Economy: A Survey Experiment

Patrick Sturgis, Martin Choo, Patten Smith


We present the results of a survey experiment in which we manipulate the order that respondents are administered vote choice and economic evaluation items. Our findings add to the growing body of evidence which suggests that survey respondents tacitly align evaluations of the national economy with previously stated attitudes and behaviour. Our results have implications for theories of economic voting and for the design of national election study questionnaires.


economic voting; survey experiment; endogeneity

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