Mirativity in Kurtöp

  • Gwendolyn Hyslop University of Oregon


 The linguistic coding of information as being unexpected, is referred to as the ‘mirative’. Since DeLancey (1997) established mirativity as a cross-linguistic category its presence in languages of the world is growing. This is true also in languages of South Asia, perhaps most commonly amongst the Tibeto-Burman languages, but not exclusively. The aim in this article is to offer the first description of mirativity in Kurtöp, an under-described Tibeto-Burman language of Bhutan. As I show below, mirativity is encoded through unique suffixes and free forms which are also an integral part of the verbal paradigm in Kurtöp.