BIOMECHANIC ASPECTS OF SPORT SPECIFIC TESTING IN ELITE ALPINE SKI RACERS
Keywords: alpine ski racing, testing, training optimization
AbstractThe long record of consistent success in all age groups of Austrian alpine ski racers is due to an optimized training environment. One of many factors is physical preparation. The physical preparation program of the Austrian Ski Federation ski racers has for years included tests in which specially designed test devices and computer programs are utilized. The testing series for the Austrian ski team members include the following devices: Biodex balance and coordination tests, Isometric power tester (max. isometric strength tests of knee and hip extension), Back Check (max. isometric core strength tests). MLD (barbell squat jumps and counter movement jumps with varying loads), Kistler force plate (CMJ, special power jump tests & reactive strength). Contrex (concentric/eccentric maximal strength & strength endurance of the hip and knee extensors) & Ski start test (maximal force and impulse of right and left pole-pushes as well as the acceleration). The development of physical preparedness norms for ski racers at all age levels aids in performance prediction, but even of more consequence -assists in injury prevention. Necessary measures can then be undertaken to help the athlete make the gains needed.
Authors can retain copyright, while granting the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) the right of first publication.