Linguistic barriers to logical reasoning: a new perspective on Aristotelian syllogisms

  • Andreas Haida
  • Luka Crnič
  • Yosef Grodzinsky

Abstract

Experimental studies investigating logical reasoning performance show very high error rates of up to 80% and more. Previous research identified scalar inferences of the sentences of logical arguments as a major error source. We present new analytical tools to quantify the impact of scalar inferences on syllogistic reasoning. Our proposal builds on a new classification of Aristotelian syllogisms and a closely linked classification of reasoning behaviors/strategies. We argue that the variation in error rates across syllogistic reasoning tasks is in part due to individual variation: reasoners follow different reasoning strategies and these strategies play out differently for syllogisms of different classes.
Published
2019-05-15
How to Cite
Haida, A., Crnič, L., & Grodzinsky, Y. (2019). Linguistic barriers to logical reasoning: a new perspective on Aristotelian syllogisms. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 22(1), 453-468. Retrieved from https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/article/view/100