• Bernhard Segesser
Keywords: orthopedics, trauma, biomechanics


Physical activity dependent on qualitative or quantitative stimuli leads to acute or chronic damage and overuse of the tissue structures of the locomotor apparatus. The costs of sport injuries are immense. The analysis of etiological factors entails the requirement that sport injuries must receive adequate diagnosis and therapy. Individual disturbance factors of tissue tolerance such as age, quality of tissue and biomechanical disturbance factors that reduce physical resilience must be taken into account. The intensity of stress must be minimized by the regulation of exterior factors (shoes, terrain, etc.) and suitable training planning, taking into consideration the recovery of tissue structures with optimized training efficiency. Therefore, specific knowledge is required that is not taught adequately in medical education at present. Sports medicine in the field of diagnostics regarding biomechanical knowledge has made great progress and given the treatment of general traumatology a new impetus. The same can be said for the field of therapy with minimally invasive surgery and optimized rehabilitation, taking into account the experience of training methods.