IMPACT BEHAVIOUR OF THE BASEBALL WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR PLAYER SAFETY

  • Rochelle Llewelyn Nicholls
  • Karol Miller
  • Bruce Elliott
Keywords: baseball, material properties, infielder injury

Abstract

Fatalities amongst baseball pitchers occur primarily as a result of impact by the balled ball (Adler & Monticone, 1996). It was hypothesized the material properties of the baseball would affect ball exit velocity after bat-ball impact, and thereby the available time for the pitcher to take evasive action. Material behaviour of the baseball under conditions representative of those during bat-ball impact have not been previously investigated. The results of quasistatic compression testing were used to develop a mathematical model of the nonlinear viscoelastic behaviour of the baseball as the basis for dynamic analysis of the bat-ball impact.