THE TAKE OFF KINEMATICS OF JUMPING HORSES IN A PUISSANCE COMPETITION
Keywords: horse, kinematics, jumping, take off, Puissance competition
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to describe the take off kinematics of horses competing in an international Puissance competition. A Puissance is a high jump competition for horses. Sagittal plane SVHS video recordings (50 Hz.) were made of the 1998 Dublin Horse Show Puissance competition. Video sequences were manually digitised and 5 kinematic variables were analysed. For successful performances, fence height was correlated with the following take off variables: vertical velocity of the centre of gravity (CG) (r =0.45, P =0.03); CG height (r =0.44, p =0.04); CG distance from fence (r =0.46, P = 0,03); and distance from leading hind limb to CG (r = -0.61, P < 0.01). The results should help horse riders and trainers improve performance in Puissance jumping horses.
Authors can retain copyright, while granting the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) the right of first publication.