KINETIC AND KINEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE BACKSTROKE START
Keywords:swimming start, backstroke start platform, kinetic analysis, kinematic analysis
AbstractRace start technique in competitive swimming has developed considerably in recent years and is thought to be an important factor governing the outcome of a race. The purpose of this study was to measure the reliability of a new analysis system for swimming (PAS-S), as well as to analyse the backstroke start kinetics and kinematics and to compare the normal backstroke start with the backstroke start with a new start device. 16 high level competitive swimmers were examined in this study, which revealed that the measurements with the PAS-S are reliable. The analysis of the backstroke start showed the importance of a high preload force just before the start signal. Furthermore, if available, swimmers should use the new backstroke start device since the 15 m times were significantly faster even without considerable training with the new start device.
Coaching and Sports Activities