MEN'S AND WOMEN'S POLE VAULT AT THE SYDNEY 2000 OLYMPIC GAMES WITH RESPECT TO MECHANICAL ENERGY AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM

  • F. Schade
  • A. Arampatzis
  • G.-P. Brüggemann
  • P. V. Komi
Keywords: pole vault, mechanical energy, angular momentum, kinematics,

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify differences between male and female pole vaulters with regard to the athlete's mechanical energy and angular momentum on elite level. On the basis of 3-D kinematic data of the pole vault finals at the Sydney Olympic Games the athlete's mechanical energy and angular momentum have been calculated. The development of the total, kinetic and potential energy shows similar characteristics for men and women. The initial energy of the vault, the energy at maximum pole bend position and the final energy are significantly higher for male athletes, while the energy gain produced by the athletes during the vault shows no significant differences. The angular momentum is higher for the female vaulters during the initial pole bend and the bar clearance.