INFLUENCE OF PLAYING SURFACE ON KNEE LOADS DURING RUNNING, SIDESTEP CUTTING AND DROP JUMPING

  • Philippe Rouch
  • Xavier Drevelle
  • Leo Benouaich
  • Patricia Thoreux
Keywords: artificial turf, natural grass, anterior cruciate ligament, sport movement analysis

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of 3 different playing surfaces on knee load during sport tasks. 15 young skilled rugby players (17-19 year old) performed running, sidestep cutting and drop jumping tasks on 3 different tracks; i.e. a natural turf, an artificial turf and an hybrid turf (natural grass rooted in artificial rootzone). Kinematic analysis and inverse dynamic methods were applied to assess the knee loads during these exercises. A special attention was paid to knee valgus and internal rotation moments related to ACL injury risk. Results showed that moment of knee valgus during running and sidestep cutting were significantly higher on artificial turf compared with natural ones (3.73 ± 1.13 vs. 1.98 ±. 0.83 N.m.kg-1). In the same way, internal rotation moments in sidestep cutting displayed higher values on artificial track than natural grass (2.97 ± 1.21 vs. 2.51 ±. 1.15 N.m.kg-1). Furthermore, hybrid turf exhibited the lowest knee moments except for the running task. In conclusion, the type of the playing surface play an important role in knee loads related to ACL injury risk.
Published
2016-05-05