ELBOW AND WRIST JOINT LOADING DURING THE ROUND-OFF SKILLS IN MALE GYMNASTICS: A CASE STUDY

  • Roman Farana
  • Petra Janeczkova
  • Jaroslav Uchytil
  • Daniel Jandacka
  • David Zahradnik
  • Gareth Irwin
Keywords: kinetics, upper limbs, injury prevention

Abstract

Elbow and wrist injuries are a major concern in elite male gymnastics. The aim of the current study was to investigate key elbow and wrist joint injury risk factors (internal and external kinetics) during different round-off techniques in male artistic gymnastics. One international level male gymnast performed 15 trials of a round-off from a hurdle step to back handspring with three different hand positions (parallel (5), T-shape (5) and reverse (5)). Synchronized kinematic and kinetic data were collected for each trial. Effect-size statistics determined differences between each hand position. In conclusion the T-shape technique demonstrated reduced vertical, anterior-posterior and resultant ground reaction forces. Differences in elbow and wrist joint kinetics indicated that the T-shape technique may prevent elbow and wrist joint from overload and reduces potential of injuries.
Published
2016-05-05