GROUND REACTION FORCES OCCURING DURING THE DELIVERY STRIDE OF JAVELIN THROWING

  • Paul Hurrion
  • Rosemary Dyson
  • Tudor Hale
  • Lee Janaway
Keywords: athletics, track, force, javelin, loading rate

Abstract

Five male javelin throwers (mean ± SD: age 24 ± 3 years; height 1.83 ± 0.06 m; body weight 888 ± 117 N) performed outdoors. Two Kistler force platforms were mounted beneath an outdoor polyflex runway (0.017 m depth) with positioning adjustment for each subject's delivery stride length. For the back foot the mean (±SD) peak vertical ground reaction force was 2.31 ± 0.41 BW, and maximum total force was 2.36 ± 0.50 BW. For the front foot the mean peak vertical force was 5.63 ± 1.31 BW, the braking force was 4.50 ± 0.96 BW and maximum total force was 7.05 ± 1.57 BW. At the beginning of the delivery stride, when the back foot contacted the ground, the mean peak vertical loading rate was 115 ± 35 BW/s which was less than the front foot loading rate of 192 ± 64 BWs/s.