THE STRATEGY OF MUSCULAR PRE-TENSION DURING INITIAL BLOCK PHASE IN SWIMMING GRAB START
Keywords: grab start, block time, pre-tension, jumping
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the effects of muscular pre-tension on swimming grab start performance. Eight well-trained subjects participated in this study. They were instructed to perform three strategies (stretch-shortening cycle, purely concentric with and with no muscular pre-tension) in grab start. Two Peak-Performance high-speed video cameras operating at 120 Hz and one Kistler force plate (600 Hz) mounted on the starting block were synchronized to collect the data. The results showed that the block time was significantly shorter and horizontal velocity of taking off was larger in muscular pre-tension than in stretch-shortening cycle strategy. Based on the results of the present study, it has been suggested that using muscular pre-tension strategy during initial block phase in grab start could add some benefits of decreasing time.
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