FOOT PRONATION AND STRESS FRACTURES OF THE FEMUR AND TIBIA: A PROSPECTIVE BIOMECHANICAL STUDY

  • I. Hetsroni
  • A. Finestone
  • C. Milgrom
  • D. Ben Sira
  • M. Nyska
  • G. Mann
  • M. Ayalon
Keywords: Subtalar joint, Stance phase, Stress fracture, Foot pronation

Abstract

The relation between foot pronation and stress fractures has been suggested. However, evidence based literature is lacking and contradictory. The purpose of this study was to examine whether dynamic parameters of foot pronation are related to the development of stress fractures of the femur and tibia. 2 weeks prior to beginning of 14 weeks of basic military training, 473 infantry recruits were inrolled into the study. 2D analysis was performed to measure foot pronation during treadmill walking. The soldiers were examined during the training course at two weeks intervals for stress fractures. The odds ratio was calculated for each dynamic pronation parameter in relation to the stress fractures. 10% of the 405 soldiers who finished the training were diagnosed with stress fractures of the femur and tibia. Longer pronation time was related to risk reduction for the development of stress fractures and may have a protective effect during an extended period of training.
Published
2007-12-12