BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GRAB AND TRACK SWIMMING STARTS

  • Chueh-Yu Lee
  • Chen-Fu Huang
  • Ching-Wen Lee
Keywords: swimming, grab start, track start

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the grab and track competitive swimming starts. Twelve male college competitive swimmers (six used the grab start and six the track start) participated in this study. Data were collected from two video cameras (60Hz) above water. The video data were digitized and analysis was performed with the Kwon3D Motion Analysis system. No significant differences existed between the two groups for flight time and distance, time to 12m, takeoff velocity and angle, entry velocity and angle and the center of mass at highest position above water. The track start had the centre of mass on the block more towards the rear and a shorter block time (p<0.05). Coaches should consider individual differences when deciding which of the two start techniques should be used by each competitive swimmer.
Section
Coaching and Sports Activities