A VIRTUAL CRANKSHAFT THIGH MODEL TO ESTIMATE TIBIAL-FEMORAL TRANSVERSE PLANE KINEMATICS

  • Daniel N. Bassett
  • Matteo R. Bosisio
  • Thomas S. Buchanan
  • Mario Lamontagne
  • Giuliano G. Cerulli
Keywords: marker set, skin movement artifact, tibial translation, knee, model

Abstract

Sports injuries often require a thorough evaluation of the knee that includes transverse plane measurements, which are difficult to measure accurately using motion capture. We have developed a method to estimate thigh position modelling the lower limb as a modified slider-crank mechanism. Our model does not rely on cutaneous thigh markers; its motion is defined by a functionally determined hip joint center and constrained distally to the tibial plateau. Motion capture was used to acquire normal gait and countermovement jump data from three unimpaired subjects. The transverse plane translations and rotation along with frontal plane rotation estimated by our model were shown to be reflective of those reported in literature. Our slider-crank model of the pelvis-femur-tibia complex has been demonstrated to perform well in both low and high impact motions.