A METHOD TO QUANITIFY MOVEMENT VARIABILITY OF HIGHLY SKILLED GOLFERS PERFORMING DRIVER SWINGS
Keywords: golf, three-dimensional variability, ellipsoids
AbstractVariability has been described as inherent in the golf swing (Bradshaw et al., 2009), yet its impact on outcome is not understood. It is necessary to quantify the levels of movement variability before this relationship can be examined effectively. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop a method to quantify movement variability of golfers performing driver swings. 16 highly skilled golfers each performed 10 swings wearing retro reflective markers which were tracked by a 3D motion analysis system operating at 400Hz. Movement variability was calculated for each marker using scalene ellipsoid volume methods; a score representative of the 3D variability over 10 trials was then calculated. The variability levels calculated using this method showed increasing variability from the closed end of the chain (malleoli) to the open end of the chain (wrists).
Coaching and Sports Activities