THE ANALYSIS OF GAIT IN INDIVIDUALS WITH TRANSFEMORAL AMPUTATION USING A BIONIC KNEE DESIGN: A CASE STUDY
Keywords:biomechanics, gait, amputees, prosthesis, kinetic analysis, kinematic analysis
AbstractWalking is the body´s natural means of moving from one location to another. It is also the most convenient means of traveling short distances (Perry, 1992). Approximately 4500 new amputations of lower extremities are performed annually in the Czech Republic. Worldwide, 200 – 500 million major amputations are performed each year. Major limb amputations of lower extremities account for approximately 85% of all cases of amputations (Ellis, 2005). The loss of a lower extremity causes the inability to walk without a prosthetic aid. Biomechanics has an important place in the multidisciplinary team, which is essential for the complex care of amputees (Janura, Svoboda, Kozakova, & Birgusova, 2006). New prosthetic designs may enable people with transfemoral amputation perform sports (running) activities in the future. However, it is necessary to master walking with a prosthesis first. The aim of our study is to describe the selected biomechanical parameters of gait in patients with a two-year experience with a bionic knee.
Coaching and Sports Activities