EFFECT OF SWIM PADDLES ON THE INTRA-CYCLIC VELOCITY VARIATIONS AND ON THE ARM COORDINATION OF FRONT CRAWL STROKE

  • M. Sidney
  • S. Paillette
  • J. Hespel
  • D. Chollet
  • P. Pelayo
Keywords: swimming, hand paddles, motor coordination, intra-cyclic velocity

Abstract

This study analysed the effect of swimming with hand paddles on arm coordination and velocity pattern. Eight competitive swimmers performed two maximal aerobic tests. The maximal aerobic velocity was significantly higher when swimming with paddles but stroke rate, maximal heart rate and blood lactate values did not differ. The index of coordination (IdC) determined according to Chollet et al. (2000) and the intra-cyclic velocity variations were measured in two 25 m tests, one with and one without swim paddles, at a fixed stroke rate. When swimming with paddles, IdC and the duration of the propulsive phase increased significantly (~~0.0a5n)d the velocity signal frequency spectrum showed fewer harmon~cs (p<0.01). These results enabled a better understanding of the technical consequences of the swimming paddles versus free swimming.