TIME-VARIANT SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF SURFACE EMG SIGNALS – EXEMPLARILY SHOWN FOR ARCHERY

  • J. Edelmann-Nusser
  • K. Witte
  • B. Schack
Keywords: non-stationary signals, ARMA model, Fourier transform, frequency-time analysis

Abstract

To analyse the spectral density of electromyographic (EMG) signals Fourier transforms are commonly used. The prerequisite of this transform is that the analysed signal is stationary. Generally, this can not be assumed for the electromyograms of muscle contractions of human movement. A new method to analyse non-stationary biological signals is the time-variant spectral analysis. The aim of this paper is to use the timevariant spectral analysis in a realistic sport application to show connections of the athlete’s level and the spectral density of the EMG. Five top-level archers participated in the study. The results suggest, that a higher level of performance generally corresponds to lower median-frequencies and a smaller variability of the median-frequencies of the EMG-signals.
Section
Coaching and Sports Activities