• M. Kloiber
  • A. Baca
  • E. Preuschl
  • B. Horsak
Keywords: postural differences, motion analysis, kick-techniques, ankle velocity


The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of selected kinematic parameters on the performance of the naeryo-chagi technique in taekwondo. Performance was quantified by the vertical velocity of the ankle at initial target contact (VIMP). METHOD: A sample of 19 competitive taekwondo athletes (17 males and 2 females) aged from 17 to 30 years (mean age = 19 ± 4), who were able to accomplish a correct naeryo-chagi technique, participated in this study. After warm up, participants were asked to perform several series of five naeryo-chagi kicks with their front leg at a kicking pad which was mounted on a frame at chin height. For data acquisition a motion tracking system comprising eight infrared cameras and a force plate were used. Only that series, which included the trial with the highest ankle velocity at initial target contact, was further processed. RESULTS: Significant differences between the best and worst performed kick of each athlete (p = 0.025) were found for the extension of the hip joint during the pull down phase (EHIP). No significant differences were found for the maximum ankle velocity during the strike out phase (AVSO; p = 0.28). Considering the best trials of each athlete only, Pearson correlation between EHIP and VIMP was significant (r = 0.542; p = 0.017), that between AVSO and VIMP was not (r = 0.354, p = 0.137). CONCLUSION: The magnitude of change of the hip flexion angle during the pull down movement seems to be an important factor for performing a kick featuring high velocity at initial target contact.
Coaching and Sports Activities