ON-BOARD AND PRE-FLIGHT MECHANICAL MODEL OF YURCHENKO ONE TWIST ON VAULT: IMPLICATIONS FOR PERFORMANCE

  • G. Penitente
  • F. Merni
  • S. Fantozzi

Abstract

The aim of this study was to point out the biomechanical explanation of the judges’ detection of scores relative to the on-board and pre-flight phases of the Yurchenko vault with one twist on (table). In an attempt to identify the weakness of technique and then to diagnose the likely causes of a poor performance, an extensive analysis was undertaken using a deterministic model. The 4 female gymnasts performing YU vault one twist on during the 2006 Italian Championship for Clubs were filmed by three cameras operating at 100Hz. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used to establish the strength of the relationship between the mechanical variables of the model and the judges` detection of points. Significant correlations indicated that the loss of credit depended mostly on angular variables. Firstly, low angular velocity of the center of mass (CM) at the impact of the board, then the small angular displacement of CM and high shoulder angular velocity produced on board and finally, a smaller hip extension and a larger shoulders extension at the take off from the board. In addition, other vertical variables determined a worst result: the lack of height of the CM at takeoff from the board, the decreased displacement of the CM on the board and the loss of the vertical velocity on the board.
Section
Coaching and Sports Activities