COMPARISON OF ANGLES AND THE CORRESPONDING MOMENTS IN KNEE AND HIP DURING RESTRICTED AND UNRESTRICTED SQUATS
Keywords: squats, movement analysis, force, moments, exercise
AbstractThe aim of this study is the comparison of angles and the corresponding moments in knee and hip during squatting. The five subjects performed restricted and unrestricted squats. The experimental set-up consisted of a motion capture system and two force plates. The loading conditions were 0, ¼ and ½ BW. The moments and the force were calculated using inverse dynamics. Overall, the maximal moments were observed in the knee during unrestricted squats and in the hip during restricted squats. Comparing the moments at a knee angle of 60º, the loading conditions have a larger influence than the type of execution. The moment in the knee is 10.4%, respectively 11.2% lower with ¼ and ½ body weight during restricted squats. In the hip, the moment is 15.5 %, respectively 14 % higher for the same conditions. The angle of the hip remains rather constant. This most likely implies a higher load to the lower back. Hence, the exercise instruction should be adapted to the aims and the training condition of the athlete.
Coaching and Sports Activities
Authors can retain copyright, while granting the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) the right of first publication.