KINEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE TRADITIONAL BACK SQUAT AND SMITH MACHINE SQUAT EXERCISES

  • A. Gutierrez
  • R. Bahamonde
Keywords: Back Squat, Smith Machine, Kinematics

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of the traditional back squat (TBS) and the Smith Machine Squat (SMS). The squat exercise is a common exercise in strength and conditioning programs as well as in rehabilitation settings. Eight experienced college age weight lifters performed both TBS and SMS. Three dimensional video analyses were used to analyze the motions. Lower extremity joints and trunk angular motions were computed and compared using Paired T-test. The TBS generated larger ROM than the SMS in all the joints measured. Due to the linear restriction of the bar motion along the vertical axis in the SMS the subjects positioned their feet forward to enable bar lowering. This feet placement positioned the bar farther away from the knee at the instance of maximal knee flexion.