MOTOR CONTROL PATTERNS IN ELITE SWIMMERS’ FREESTYLE STROKE DURING DRYLAND SWIMMING
Keywords: biomechanics, dynamical systems
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to compare motor control patterns of elite freestyle swimmers when asked to swim at 100m freestyle pace using a dryland swimbench. Collegiate and masters level swimmers (n=15) whose 100m freestyle time were faster than 75% of the FINA cutoff time, performed four 10 second trials of freestyle swimming on a dryland swimbench. 3-D kinematic analysis was used to calculate displacement in the hand in the cranial-caudal, vertical, and medial-lateral directions. A 2-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare hand path between swimmers and within trials (n=58). Data was not statically significant, but three distinct combinations of hand paths were used to perform the 100m freestyle task on the swimbench. These hand paths differed from historical in-water data. Findings imply individual swimmers adjusted kinematics on the swimbench to accommodate for environmental constraints.
Authors can retain copyright, while granting the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) the right of first publication.