EFFECT OF LUMBAR LORDOTIC ANGLE ON LUMBOSACRAL JOINT DURING ISOKINETIC EXCERCISE
Keywords: lumbar lordotic angle, musculoskeletal model, isokinetic exercise
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to to analyze the biomechanical impact of the level of lumbar lordosis angle during isokinetic exercise through dynamic analysis using a 3-dimensional musculoskeletal model. We made each models for normal lordosis, excessive lordosis, lumbar kyphosis, and hypo-lordosis according to lordotic angle and inputted experimental data as initial values to perform inverse dynamic analysis. Comparing the joint torques, the largest torque of EL was 16.6% larger than that of NL, and LK was 11.7% less than NL. There existed no significant difference in the compressive intervertebral forces of each lumbar joint (p>0.05), but statistically significant difference in the anterioposterior shear force (LK>HL>EL>NL, p<0.05). For system energy, LK required the least and most energy during flexion and extension respectively. Therefore during the rehabilitation process, more efficient training will be possible by taking into consideration not simply weight and height but biomechanical effects on the skeletal muscle system according to lumbar lordosis angles.
Injuries / Rehabilitation
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