THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SHOT PUT TECHNIQUE AND MECHANICAL ENERGY OUTPUT OF CHINESE FEMALE SHOT-PUTT ATHLETES

  • Xing-Ming Wang
  • Huan-Bin Zhao
Keywords: three-dimensional video analysis, mechanical energy, kinetic energy of rotation, kinetic energy of translation, shot putt technique

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the shot-putt technique and the energy output in Chinese female shot-putt athletes. Three-dimensional photogrammetry and a video analysis system were used to study the shot-put technique from the perspective of the body’s output of mechanical energy. It was found that, during the sliding phase, the main energy output was the kinetic energy of translation. During the transitional phase, the body expends the least energy in delivery of the shot. In the beginning of the push-off phase, the maximum amount of mechanical energy and kinetic energy was used. At the end of the push-off phase the energy output decreased. Otherwise, the relationship between the energy output with the shot putt result and technique indicated that the trunk’s energy output were closely correlated with the shot putt result. Knowledge of the trunk’s movement is of great importance to the shot-put technique.
Section
Coaching and Sports Activities