Body Segment Contributions to Free Throw Shooting in Basketball
AbstractThe one-hand set shot in basketball forms the basis for most other shots and is used almost exclusively in shooting free throws. There is general agreement that the one-hand set shot involves elbow extension, wrist and finger flexion, and extension of the legs and hips (Hay, 1985; Wooden, 1980; Cousy & Power, 1970). Cooper and Siedentop (1969) have stated that medial shoulder rotation and forearm pronation are also involved. Although the specific timing of segment contributions to basketball shooting has been discussed (Baumgartner, 1975; Cooper & Glassow, 1972), the contribution which each segment makes to ball velocity in the one-hand free throw has not been reported. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relative contributions of the lower body, trunk, upper arm, forearm, and hand to the ball velocity in the one-hand free throw.