BIOMECHANICS ANALYSIS OF ANKLE SUPINATION SPRAIN INJURY

  • D T.P Fong
  • Y. Hong
  • K-M Chan
Keywords: sports medicine, inversion sprain, anterior talofibular ligamentous sprain

Abstract

One male athlete accidentally sprained his ankle with a supination mechanism while performing a series of cutting motion trials in a laboratory. The injury was immediately diagnosed as a grade one mild anterior talofibular ligamentous sprain, and was simultaneously recorded by three calibrated cameras and a pressure insole system at 100 Hz. For the injury trial, results showed that the foot and ankle was more internally rotated and greatly inverted at foot strike, followed by a fast plantarflexion and shift of center of pressure to forefoot. The rearfoot was lifted and swung to the lateral aspect, thus increasing the moment arm and the ankle joint torque. The ankle joint finally reached an orientation of 66 degrees dorsiflexion, 48 degrees internal rotation and 103 degrees inversion.