APPLICATION OF MECHANICAL MODELING TO SPORT BIOMECHANICS
Keywords: mechanics, modeling, rowing, footwear, performance, injury
AbstractMechanical modelling and particularly inverse dynamics methods can be useful in sports biomechanics. This aim of this paper was to illustrate how various models applied to rowing and running can improve understanding of the movement, performance and reduce injuries. Simple and complex mOdels were used. Measures of power were effective in elucidating important mechanisms in the rowing action and in identifying areas of improvement in rowing technique. Differences between ergometer types in the simulation of rowing were clear from inverse dynamics analysis and the addition of a muscle model for the lumbar spine provided useful suggestions for the reduction of lumbar stress. The application of the same analysis techniques to other situations was illustrated by a running and footwear example.
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