• Erich Müller
  • Hermann Schwameder
  • Josef Kröll
  • Stefan Lindinger


Biomechanics in sport is distinguished as a research field by two central investigational goals: first, the avoidance of injuries and, second, the improvement of the level of performance. This contribution will predominantly concern itself with possibilities of utilizing sport biomechanics in the direct training process of top class winter sports. The areas in which biomechanics can be applied in the training and teaching process are very diverse. First to be ascertained via biomechanical methods are those characteristics which essentially influence performance. The second area lies in determining individual, current performance levels and in examining performance progress and in the third area feedback systems should be provided during the training session in order to minimize intervention times. The quality of the training process can also be improved by the use of specific training devices and exercises. And, last but not least, biomechanical investigations should also assist the athlete's efforts of optimising the equipment.