THE EFFECTS OF SAND DUNE AND HILL RUNNING ON LOWER LIMB KINEMATICS AND RUNNING SPEED IN ELITE SPRINTERS
Keywords: velocity, technique, running surface
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the technical adaptations used by elite sprinters when running on sand dunes compared with running on a grass surface of similar gradient. Seven elite sprinters were videotaped while running at maximum effort up inclined sand and grass surfaces. Sagittal plane kinematic data were obtained using two video cameras placed on either side of the subjects. The video sequences were analysed using the Peak Motus. video analysis system. The results indicated that sand running caused reductions in running speed, stride rate, stride length and thigh range of motion. Ground contact time of the foot was increased and the relative timing of stride events was also disrupted while running on sand and this suggests a greater muscle loading effect compared with running on grass.
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