TY - JOUR
AU - Bale, Alan
AU - Schwarz, Bernhard
PY - 2019/07/20
Y2 - 2024/07/22
TI - Reverse proportionality without context dependent standards
JF - Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung
JA - SuB
VL - 23
IS - 1
SE - Articles
DO - 10.18148/sub/2019.v23i1.505
UR - https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/article/view/505
SP - 93-108
AB - <p>In the so-called <em>reverse proportional reading </em>(Herburger, 1997), the truth conditions of statements of the form <em>many/few <span class="mwe-math-mathml-inline mwe-math-mathml-a11y">?</span> ? </em>appear to make reference to the ratio of the individuals that are in the extensions of both <em><span class="mwe-math-mathml-inline mwe-math-mathml-a11y">? </span></em>and <em>? </em>to the individuals that are in the extension of <em>?</em><em> </em>. The analysis of such readings is controversial. One prominent approach (Büring, 1996; de Hoop and Solà, 1996; Romero, 2015, 2016; Solt, 2009) assumes that they are a symptom of <em>many </em>and <em>few </em>making reference to a context dependent standard of comparison. Elaborating on remarks in Partee (1989), we observe that this initially attractive approach systematically undergenerates, failing to capture pervasive reverse proportionality in environments that remove context dependency of the standard. Instead, we propose that reverse proportionality in such cases reflects the underspecification of the measure function underlying the meanings of <em>many </em>and <em>few </em>(Bale and Barner, 2009; Wellwood, 2014; Solt, 2018).</p>
ER -