Stereotypes, Desires, and Constructions

  • David Y. Oshima


This paper develops a semantic analysis of the three constructions: (i) the subjectoriented adverb construction (Wisely, John left early), (ii) the 'Adj. + to Inf.' construction (John was wise to leave early), and (iii) the 'Adj. + of NP' construction (It was wise of John to leave early), which all involve three semantic components: (i) an individual a (John), (ii) a property P1 that describes a mental/behavioral propensity (wise), and (iii) another property P2 which typically describes an action (leave early). I argue that the three constructions share the meaning along the lines of: 'P2(a), and P2 is one of the properties that are expected to be true of any x such that P1(x)', while they differ as to which component they assert/pressupose. I further demonstrate that this analysis allows us to solve two known semantic puzzles concerning these constructions, the "entailement puzzle" and the "embeddability puzzle".
How to Cite
Oshima, D. Y. (2019). Stereotypes, Desires, and Constructions. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 12, 470-484.