What Influences the Referential Properties of Reflexives and Pronouns in Finnish?
AbstractAccording to standard Binding Theory, pronouns and reflexives are in (nearly) complementary distribution. However, representational NPs (e.g. ‘picture of her/herself’) allow both. It has been suggested that in English, reflexives in representational NPs (RNPs) have a preference for ‘sources of information’ and that pronouns prefer ‘perceivers of information.’ We conducted two experiments investigating the effects of structural and non-structural (source/perceiver) factors on the interpretation of two kinds of RNP structures in a typologically different language, namely Finnish. Our results reveal source/perceiver effects for postnominal but not for prenominal RNPs in Finnish, with a difference in the degree of sensitivity that pronouns and reflexives exhibit to the source/perceiver manipulation, and our results also suggest that morphological differences in Finnish reflexives correspond to interpretation differences. As a whole, these results support a multiple-factor model of reference resolution, which assumes that multiple factors can play a role in reference resolution and that the relative contributions of these factors can be different for different anaphoric forms (Kaiser 2003b, Kaiser & Trueswell in press).
How to Cite
Kaiser, E., Runner, J. T., Sussman, R. S., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2019). What Influences the Referential Properties of Reflexives and Pronouns in Finnish?. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 10(1), 155–170. https://doi.org/10.18148/sub/2006.v10i1.681