Appositives in Modal Contexs


  • Kjell Johann Sæbø


It has recently been argued (by Harris and Potts 2009: 523–552) that so-called non-speaker oriented readings of appositives are a matter of pragmatic perspective shift and thus do not show that appositives contribute to descriptive content. In contrast, I argue that appositives are indeed building blocks of propositions and that non-speaker oriented readings are de dicto readings of classical presuppositions (definedness conditions on concepts) in modal contexts. Downward entailing modal contexts, like surprise contexts, provide the key to this conclusion: here, appositives provide a useful means to ensure that an individual retains its relevant properties across the modal space.


How to Cite

Sæbø, K. J. (2019). Appositives in Modal Contexs. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 15, 79–100. Retrieved from