Italian ‘mica’ in assertions and questions


  • Ilaria Frana
  • Kyle Rawlins


This paper gives an account of the Italian negative particle mica as an epistemic common ground management operator signaling denial/negation relative to the speaker. This allows us to provide a unified account of its behavior in assertions and polar questions. Along the way we give an account of biased Italian negative polar questions, arguing that they behave parallel to English biased questions despite surface differences.


How to Cite

Frana, I., & Rawlins, K. (2019). Italian ‘mica’ in assertions and questions. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 20, 234–251. Retrieved from