Subjective standard-setting in gradable predicates: On the Mandarin hen structure

  • Huilin Fang

Abstract

Canonical positive degree sentences in Mandarin Chinese are formed with a morpheme hen. In the literature, this morpheme is regarded as the positive degree morpheme pos (Kennedy, 1999; Liu, 2010; Grano, 2012; Zhang, 2015) that introduces a contextually given norm, as well as binding the degree argument. However, the traditional pos analysis cannot fully account for some behaviors of hen. First, hen sentences share several characteristics of subjective predicates like Predicates of Personal Tastes (PPTs). These features include the triggering of faultless disagreement􀀁 and embedding under perceptual verb ganjue and ganjue-dao ‘feel/find’. Furthermore, when compared with other adjectival expressions, the hen form makes a weaker statement, which is related to the speaker’s subjective belief. To account for these two characteristics, I propose that hen introduces a subjective standard determined by a judge that is based on a subjective epistemic knowledge state.
How to Cite
Fang, H. (1). Subjective standard-setting in gradable predicates: On the Mandarin hen structure. Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung, 21(1), 409-426. Retrieved from https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/sub/index.php/sub/article/view/146