A STUDY OF THE RATE OF TORQUE BETWEEN UPPER AND LOWER LIMBS OF MALE SPRINTERS
Keywords: sprint, torque, isokinetic test, specified strength
AbstractIn order evaluate the level in their strength development and to study the appropriate rate of torque among muscles at each joint so as to design criterion scientifically evaluating the magnitude of force, we assigned the sUbjects to four groups: male children (CHIL), male juveniles (JUVE), male juvenile sprinters from sports training school (JSTS), and young sprinters (YOSP). The flexors and extensor strength of their hip, knee, and shoulder joint are measured by an isokinetic test system. It is indicated in the result of the experiment the rate between high-speed strength and absolute strength of left and right knee extensors was lower than that of flexors. We have calculated and compared the relative torques of hip, knee, shoulder joint at the velocity of 600 /s using the relative peak torque of hip joint. Compared with CHIL, there was a significant increase in the knee average rate than that of shoulder in YOSP.
Authors can retain copyright, while granting the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) the right of first publication.