DETERMINANTS OF ACCELERATION PERFORMANCE IN ELITE FEMALE SPRINTERS

Steffen Willwacher, Kai Heinrich, Jan Goldmann, Björn Braunstein, Maximilian Sanno, Gert-Peter Brüggemann

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of performance in the early acceleration phase (first four meters) in nine elite female sprinters. Acceleration performance was quantified using a modified version of the normalized average horizontal block power. Ground reaction forces were collected using an instrumented starting block and three force plates. In addition, full body kinematics were captured using an optoelectronic motion capture system. The results indicate that a starting technique facilitating a horizontal push-off direction and force application with short contact times is beneficial for starting performance. This might be achieved through a greater forward lean of the body. Previously proposed beneficial effects of an active touchdown of the foot could not be confirmed in the present study.

Keywords


sprint running; force application; sprint technique; running; running mechanics

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ISSN 1999-4168