Comparative Analysis of Lunge Techniques: Forward, Reverse, Walking Lunge


  • Sanghoon Park
  • Chulsoo Chung
  • Jaebum Park
  • Jonghyun Jang
  • Siddhartha Bikram Panday
  • Jiseop Lee
  • Prabhat Pathak


Lunge, Moment, Shear Force, Muscle Activation


The study aims to find the basis for the efficiency of lunge and risk of injury by comparing mechanical variables in various lunges (forward lunge, reverse lunge, and walking lunge). Four participants who were familiar with the three lunge movements were recruited to achieve the purpose of the study. The resultant hip joint moment, resultant knee joint moment, and resultant knee joint force were analyzed during the three lunge movements. Eight muscle of lower extremity were also analyzed using EMG. In conclusion, reverse lunge movement was found to be favorable in achieving the primary goal of lunge exercise, which is the development of gluteus maximus and quadriceps femoris, as it resulted in higher agonist muscle activities with relatively low momentary maximum knee shearing force compared to the other lunge techniques.






Coaching and Sports Activities