THE EFFECTS OF EXTERNAL LOAD ON LOWER EXTREMiTY ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AMPLITUDE DURING COUNTERMOVEMENT JUMP

Chung-Yu Chen, Wei-Kai Wang, Sung-Hsuan Wu, Wei-Bin Lin, Ti-Yu Chen

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different loads on the mean electromyography (EMG) amplitude of the gluteus maximus, biceps fernoris, vastus medialis, gastrocnemius, soleus, and tibialis anterior during the deceleration phase and the acceleration phase of the countermovement jumps (CMJ). Ten male physical education students performed different CMJs with and without an external load (0,2.5,5.0, 7.5, or 10.0 kg hold in arms). The results s h o w the amplitude of the gluteus maximus with load of 7.5 kg was higher than with load of 2.5 kg during the deceleration phase (p < .05), and the amplitude of the soleus with load of 10.0 kg was higher than with load of 2.5 kg during the acceleration phase (p < .05). It indicated that the activities of lower limb muscles were not influenced by the relative lower of external loading during CMJ.

Keywords


vertical jump; stretch shortening cycle; EMG

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ISSN 1999-4168