KINEMATIC COMPARISON OF TWO RACING WHEELCHAIR PROPULSION TECHNIQUES

  • J. Chow
  • L. Carlton
  • W. Chae
  • T. Millikan
  • M. Morse
Keywords: kinematics, wheelchair sports, disability

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to quantify selected 3-D kinematic characteristics of the upper body during racing wheelchair stroking over a roller system using the conventional technique (CVT) and para-backhand technique (PBT). Eight CVT and seven PBT users served as the subjects. Each subject performed maximum effort stroking for 30 s at two loads and was recorded by two S-VHS camcorders (60 Hz). The CVT was found to have significant shorter push time, smaller relative push time, and greater relative recovery time than the PBT. Significant difference in arm position at the instant of hand release was found between the two techniques and the difference may have implications for the stress placed on the structures around the shoulder joint. When compared to each other, the CVT is a more compact stroke and the PBT has a faster overall movement speed.
Section
Coaching and Sports Activities