BIOMECHANICAL VALIDATION OF A QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF BASEBALL PITCHING

  • R. Nicholls
  • G. Fleisig
  • B. Elliott
  • S. Lyman
  • E. Osinski
Keywords: technical analysis, accuracy, injury, performance, coaching

Abstract

Correct biomechanics minimise the risk of injury and improve performance during baseball pitching. The mechanics of 20 youth pitchers were analysed during outdoor practice using digital camcorders and a checklist of kinematic and temporal elements. The pitchers were also analysed indoors with a six-camera 240Hz Motion Analysis System. In both conditions, mechanics were graded using accepted norms for youth pitchers. Kappa coefficients were calculated between the qualitative measurements and motion analysis data for 17 kinematic parameters. 11 variables showed acceptable relationships between qualitative and quantitative data, indicating the practical value of this qualitative analysis as a field tool.