THE USE OF BIOMECHANICALLY ADJUSTABLE CYCLING PEDALS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REHABILITATION PROTOCOLS FOR ANKLE AND KNEE INJURIES

  • G.T. Moran
  • R.N. Robertson
  • S. Einhorn-Dicks

Abstract

This paper examines the use of stationary cycling with a biomechanically adjustable pedal (Biopedal) in the development of rehabilitation protocols for the knee and ankle. This paper draws on previous research which examines the role of the foot pedal interface and cycling pathomechanics, as well as research which evaluates the differences in E.M.G. activity utilizing an orthopaedically adjustable pedal. As a result of this research and clinical findings, rehabilitation protocols for selected ankle and knee injuries were developed utilizing the three-plane adjustable pedal and stationary exercise bicycle. These protocols have been clinically tested and are presented. The results indicate that the adjustable pedal can be used to reduce trauma to connective tissue structures. It can be used in rehabilitation to minimize risk of injury during active recovery and reinforce the integrity of and support injured structures.