PERSONALIZED MUSCULOSCELETAL HUMAN MODELS FOR USE IN DYNAMIC GAlT SIMULATION FOR CLINICAL AND SPORTS APPLICATIONS

  • S. MacGuan

Abstract

INTRODUCTION -The purpose of this project is to advance the current technology of musculoskeletal modelling as applied to gait simulation into: 1) A general clinical tool for the health care industry, 2) The evaluation of athletic performance and injury reduction, and 3) To provide a validated base for research in muscle activation and optimal control as applied to human locomotion. A novel scaling method is introduced to automatically generate statistically valid gait simulation models for a specific human subject based on a minimal set of input parameters. METHODS - To derive joint compliances from experiment data, personalized musculoskeletal models were built for a large, varied population sample. Motion data for each subject was used to drive the gait simulations and a hybrid inversedynamicldirect- dynamic approach (ref), was used to derive local joint compliances for each of the 52 degrees of freedom in the musculoskeletal model for a full gait cycle. Joint compliance regression equations were developed from the data-base of local joint compliance, local and global geometric/physical characteristics using Design of Experiment (DOE) techniques to determine the couplings and sensitivities. A computer system was developed employing localized scaling methodologies, based on the regression equations for joint compliance and model geometry, resulting in the automatic generation of statistically valid gait simulation model for a specific subject based or: a minimal set of parameters (clinical measurements). RESULTS - To assess the accuracy of the models automatically built by the computer system, the gait simulations are compared to motion data and force plate data for a set of human subjects. Figure 1 depicts the correlation of the GRX and the CP travel history for the model v. experiment. CONLUSION - At this stage, the analytical outcome agrees considerably with experimental results. The immediate practical application of a scalable gait simulation model is as a tool in conservative foot care, where the clinician can automatically generate a musculokeletal human model for a specific patient and perform dynamic gait simulations. Orthotic correction can then be introduced to compare the kinematic and kinetic aspects of the uncorrected simulation and the corrected simulation against established norms. REFERENCE McGuan,S. P. et al (1 995) "A Unique Method for Deriving Joint Compliances Simulation" XVth ISB Abstracts Book pp.612-613.